Most teaching methods fall into one of two categories: teacher-oriented or student- oriented. Here’s how teacher- driven instruction is different from student-driven instruction:
The teacher-centered approach to education views the instructor as the expert in the duty of transmitting knowledge to students through lectures or direct teaching. Various traditional schools teach how to sell online courses and educate students with this method. Students are passive actors or “empty vessels” in this approach . They listen and gain information which is orally transmitted by the teacher.
This teacher-centered method of teaching is the most common, but it isn’t always the best. And, as educators are understanding more about how to engage students of all learning styles, the teacher-driven model is becoming less popular. There are, however, numerous cases of pupils getting challenged and altered by a teacher or professor talking on a subject they had spent their whole life exploring.
The student-oriented approach fosters more harmony between both the teacher and the student by allowing each to participate in the learning process. The teacher is regarded as the “guide on the side” in this approach.
While the instructor retains power, he or she is most likely to serve as a mediator, coaching and aiding pupils with their learning. This method promotes student autonomy while also allowing students to connect. The student-oriented approach to education includes the following styles:
1.Inquiry driven style
Freedom, self – direction, and hands-on learning are encouraged in this student- oriented style. Students lead the path while teachers provide assistance.
- Style of Collaboration
Collaborative learning is a method of teaching that emphasises group activity and social development. The cooperative method, like the inquiry-based approach, promotes autonomy and experiential learning, but emphasises peer-to-peer collaboration and engagement.
What are the many types of teaching methods?
This is a “difficult question” as you might think, educationalists disagree regarding the scope and right definition (and number) of distinct teaching styles.
Still, many educational materials categorise the various teaching approaches into the five basic groups listed below:
1.Authoritative or Lecturer Mode
This teaching style is based on the conventional teacher-centered method, which is frequently marked by lecture time or one-sided presentations. Students are obligated to pay attentively, retain knowledge, take down notes, and ask the questions in this approach (sometimes known as the “chalk and talk” approach).
- Coach vs. Demonstrator
The demonstrator approach, which is popular in math, physics, and music, emphasises “showing” rather than “speaking,” with professors more likely to use illustrations, experimentation, demos, and interactive media to reinforce the content.
The facilitator/teacher is concerned with encouraging pupils to learn for themselves and assisting them in developing critical thinking and learning skills. It is similar to a system opted by various online courses platform which educate by the aid of videos and helps students to develop understanding by critically analysing the concepts. It is a student-oriented strategy that entails designing learning plans and classrooms that enable learners to explore and understand course information in unique and creative ways.
- Group or Delegator Style
The delegator method of teaching is well-suited for curricula that contain or emphasise teamwork because it places much of the emphasis for learning on the pupils, who are motivated to collaborate on projects related to the lecture themes. The professor is an active spectator in this technique, guiding students in the appropriate way.
- Mixed or Hybrid Style
The hybrid technique combines components of the previous styles, frequently mixing the teacher’s personality type with the students’. Whereas this method is deemed inclusive since it allows teachers to customise their teaching styles to the requirements of their students,
Some teachers believe it harms the process of learning by putting less focus on in-depth knowledge than when a single, highly focused strategy is adopted.
For high school and middle school teachers who have different students every hour, getting to know each student well enough to effectively educate them is very difficult. What works for one group or kid may not work for another. That is why, in order to be the most successful educator possible, educators must have a good understanding of the various student learning styles as well as a thorough grasp of the various teaching styles and tactics.