What Is Bonded Labour?

Are you curious to know what is bonded labour? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about bonded labour in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is bonded labour?

Bonded labour, a practice deeply rooted in history, continues to cast its dark shadow on societies worldwide, including India. This comprehensive guide aims to shed light on what bonded labour is, its historical context, the relevant legal framework in India, and the impact it has on individuals subjected to this exploitative system.

What Is Bonded Labour?

Bonded labour, often termed as debt bondage, is a form of modern slavery where individuals are forced to work in deplorable conditions to repay a debt. This exploitative system denies individuals their basic human rights and perpetuates a cycle of poverty and oppression.

What Is Bonded Labour In India?

In India, bonded labour has been a longstanding issue, affecting vulnerable populations in various sectors such as agriculture, brick kilns, construction, and more. The system involves the exploitation of individuals who are trapped in a cycle of debt, often passed down through generations.

What Is Bonded Labour Example?

An example of bonded labour in India could be a scenario where a family borrows money from an employer or moneylender for a medical emergency or other urgent needs. The debt grows exponentially due to high-interest rates, and the family is then compelled to work for the lender under oppressive conditions to repay the debt. The cycle continues, trapping them in a perpetual state of servitude.

Bonded Labour Act

To combat the pervasive issue of bonded labour, the Government of India enacted the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act in 1976. This legislation aims to eradicate bonded labour and outlines stringent measures for the identification, release, and rehabilitation of individuals subjected to this exploitative system.

What Is Bonded Labour Class 9?

Understanding the concept of bonded labour is often introduced in educational curricula, including Class 9. Students at this level are provided with foundational knowledge about the historical context, consequences, and legal aspects of bonded labour, fostering awareness and empathy.

What Is Bonded Labour Pdf?

For those seeking in-depth information on bonded labour, resources in PDF format can be valuable. These documents may include research papers, reports, or educational material providing detailed insights into the various facets of bonded labour, its prevalence, and measures for its eradication.

Bonded Labour Act, 1976

The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976, serves as a pivotal legal instrument in India’s fight against bonded labour. The Act not only criminalizes the practice but also lays down provisions for the rehabilitation and welfare of individuals rescued from bonded labour situations.

The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act 1976 Notes

Studying notes on The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976, can be instrumental in gaining a comprehensive understanding of the legal framework. These notes may cover key provisions, case studies, and the implications of the Act in combating bonded labour.

History Of Bonded Labour In India

The history of bonded labour in India dates back centuries, with feudal and economic systems contributing to its prevalence. Over time, socio-economic changes, coupled with legislative interventions, have aimed to dismantle this exploitative system and uplift those ensnared by it.


In conclusion, comprehending what bonded labour is, especially in the context of India, is crucial for addressing this grave social issue. The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976, stands as a beacon in the fight against this exploitative practice. Educating individuals, fostering awareness, and advocating for the effective implementation of anti-bonded labour measures are vital steps towards eradicating this modern form of slavery and creating a society where every individual can live with dignity and freedom.


What Is Meant By Bonded Labour?

A person becomes a bonded labourer when their labour is demanded as a means of repayment for a loan. The person is then tricked or trapped into working for very little or no pay. Bonded labour is prohibited in India by law vide Articles 21 and 23 of the Constitution.

What Is An Example Of Bonded Labor?

For instance, a laborer may begin with an initial debt of $200. While working and unable to leave, this worker needs a shelter, food and water. The employer tacks on $25 per day to the debt to cover those expenses.

How Many Bonded Labor Are There In India?

A total of 3,15,302 bonded labourers have been released till date, and from 1978 to January 31, 2023, a total 2,96,305 bonded labourers have been rehabilitated.

What Is The Punishment For Bonded Labour In India?

16. Punishment for enforcement of bonded labour. —Whoever, after the commencement of this Act, compels any person to render any bonded labour shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and also with fine which may extend to two thousand rupees.

I Have Covered All The Following Queries And Topics In The Above Article

What Is Bonded Labour In India

What Is Bonded Labour Example

Bonded Labour Act

What Is Bonded Labour Class 9

What Is Bonded Labour Pdf

Bonded Labour Act, 1976

The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act 1976 Notes

History Of Bonded Labour In India

What Is Bonded Labour