What Is Ordinary Bill?

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In a democratic system of governance, the process of lawmaking is a critical aspect of ensuring effective governance and representing the interests of the people. In this context, the term “Ordinary Bill” holds significant importance. It refers to a type of legislative proposal that is introduced in the parliament or legislature for consideration and debate. Ordinary Bills form the backbone of the legislative process, enabling governments to address various policy issues and make necessary changes to existing laws. In this blog, we will explore the concept of Ordinary Bills, their characteristics, the legislative process they undergo, and their role in shaping the laws that govern societies.

What Is Ordinary Bill?

An Ordinary Bill, also known as a Regular Bill or Simple Bill, is a proposed law or legislative measure introduced in a parliamentary or legislative assembly by a government minister or a member of the legislature. These bills can cover a wide range of issues, such as public policies, social reforms, economic matters, and administrative changes.

Characteristics Of Ordinary Bills:

  1. Proposed Legislation: Ordinary Bills represent proposed legislation or changes to existing laws. They aim to address specific policy issues or implement new policies.
  2. Introduced by Members: Ordinary Bills can be introduced by government ministers or any member of the parliament or legislative assembly, except in cases of financial bills, which are introduced by the finance minister.
  3. Majority Approval: For an Ordinary Bill to become law, it must pass through various stages of debate, scrutiny, and voting in the parliament or legislative assembly. It requires a majority of votes to be approved.
  4. Scope and Applicability: Ordinary Bills can impact various sectors of society and can have wide-ranging effects, depending on their scope and applicability.

Legislative Process Of Ordinary Bills:

The legislative process for Ordinary Bills generally includes the following stages:

  1. First Reading: The Bill is introduced, and its title and objectives are read out. There is no debate at this stage.
  2. Second Reading: The Bill is debated by members of the parliament or legislative assembly. They discuss the general principles and policy objectives of the Bill.
  3. Committee Stage: The Bill is examined in detail by a committee of members. Amendments may be proposed and debated.
  4. Report Stage: The committee reports its findings and any agreed-upon amendments back to the parliament or legislative assembly.
  5. Third Reading: The final version of the Bill is debated, and members vote on its adoption.
  6. President’s/ Governor’s Assent: Once approved by the parliament or legislative assembly, the Bill is sent to the President (in the case of central government) or Governor (in the case of state government) for assent. Once assented, it becomes law.

Role And Importance Of Ordinary Bills:

Ordinary Bills play a pivotal role in the legislative process and the functioning of a democratic society:

  1. Addressing Policy Issues: They enable governments to introduce and implement policies that address various social, economic, and administrative challenges.
  2. Representation of Citizens: Ordinary Bills represent the aspirations and needs of the people, as they are introduced by elected representatives.
  3. Check and Balance: The legislative process involving debates and voting ensures a system of checks and balances on government actions.
  4. Legal Framework: Ordinary Bills establish the legal framework for the governance and functioning of societies.


Ordinary Bills form the core of the legislative process in democratic societies. As vehicles for proposed legislation, they provide the means for governments to enact policies, address issues, and make changes that impact citizens’ lives. The rigorous scrutiny and debate during the legislative process ensure that laws are carefully considered and aligned with the values and interests of the people. As the foundation of a democratic system, Ordinary Bills reinforce the principles of representation, accountability, and public participation, shaping the laws and regulations that govern our societies.


What Is An Example Of An Ordinary Bill In India?

The National Commission for Homeopathy (Amendment) Bill 2021. The National Commission for Indian System of Medicine (Amendment) Bill 2021.

What Is Normal Bill?

As per Articles 107 and 108 of the Indian Constitution, an ordinary bill is concerned with any matter other than financial subjects. An ordinary bill is introduced in either House of the Parliament. This bill is introduced by Minister or a Private member.

Who Passes Money Bill In India?

India. Procedure for a Money Bill: Money Bills can be introduced only in Lok Sabha (lower House). Money bills passed by the Lok Sabha are sent to the Rajya Sabha (upper house).

What Is Financial Bill In India?

A Finance Bill is a Bill that, as the name suggests, concerns the country’s finances — it could be about taxes, government expenditures, government borrowings, revenues, etc. Since the Union Budget deals with these things, it is passed as a Finance Bill.

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